Feb. 19th, 2019

Plastic and Health

Plastics are ubiquitous in nature. Please read this report done by the Center for International Environmental Law that describes how plastic is impacting our bodies - from extraction of natural resources through disposal and incineration of plastics.


The study states that the solution to the plastic crisis must address the full lifecycle. See Executive Summary here and the full report here.

By Center for International Environmental Law



Plastic and Climate

Plastic also has huge impacts on the climate. It contributes to climate change in a big way. From the extraction of the fossil fuels all the way through disposal, plastic emits massive amounts of green house gases. Read the detailed full report here and summary here on how plastic is contributing to climate change.

By Center for International Environmental Law


June 7th, 2019

Microplastics in the Human Diet

Humans have spread microplastics to virtually every ecosystem on the planet, from the deepest chasms in the sea to the most remote wilderness on land. Today, there is nowhere left to hide, and each year, we humans receive a hearty dose of our own medicine.

From what little we know about microplastics in air, food and water, Canadian researchers have now estimated that the average person consumes more than 74,000 particles of plastic each year.

Health Impacts from Plastics Manufacturing and Use


Plastic production (primarily polypropylene and ethylene) begins at the wellhead, coal mine, or drill pads, because 99 percent of all plastic is manufactured from fossil fuel feedstock. There is no true grave for plastics as most never totally decompose but instead just break into smaller and smaller pieces, which can be found in the air, water, aquatic food chains, soils, and even our human bodies.


  • The process of fracking, to , carries with it multiple layers of toxicity, including exposure to air pollutants from flaring, fugitive emissions, and compressor stations. The air pollutants include: ozone, volatile organic compounds, particulate matter, and BTEX.


  • Ground water and surface water contamination can be caused by Additional exposures result from produced water (fracking wastes) containing salts, chemicals, and radionuclides, which are spread on roads or dumped into waterways or landfills.Over 170 fracking chemicals are used in frack fluids. These include benzene and organic compounds. These have known health effects including cancer, neuro, reproductive, and developmental toxicity.


  • Refining and manufacturing of virgin polymers (resin) combines them with additional petrochemical additives (bisphenol A, lead, brominated flame retardants) which cause nervous system disorders, reproductive impairments, developmental problems, as well as cancer and genetic impacts. These conditions result from inhalation, ingestion, and dermal absorption. Plastic production also uses other toxic chemicals such as: 1,3-butadiene, benzene, styrene, toluene, ethane, propylene and propylene oxide. These chemicals can be colorless and odorless but are often carcinogenic. Carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) like anthracene are found in higher concentrations along “fence line” communities located adjacent to industrial sites.


  • Consumers who use plastics are exposed to toxic plasticizers used to make plastics. These can leach out of plastic into our foods, especially when plastics are exposed to UV light, heat, and acidic or alkaline foods. Micro plastics found in personal care products can contaminate water supplies when they are washed down the drain. These small particles are believed to migrate across body membranes to the gastrointestinal tract, circulatory system, and lungs.


  • Fibers from textiles can be inhaled and also contaminate water from washing machine discharge water. Another source of water contamination from micro plastics is car tire abrasion.Some of these compounds (phenol and benzene) can cause genetic mutation and some are carcinogens. We are exposed via inhalation, ingestion, and dermal absorption.


  • Humans have produced over 8.3 billion tons of plastics. Plastic production has outpaced . Today, 60 percent of plastics end up in landfills, 12 percent is incinerated, and 9 percent is recycled. Incineration, as well as plastic-to-fuel processes, emits toxic substances like dioxins, furans, and heavy metals. Recycling exposes workers to toxic substances and pathogens that hitchhike on plastic surfaces.


Source: Plastic and Health: The Hidden Costs of a Plastic Planet, February 2019


The organization who manages this page and who is leading the efforts pertaining to protecting the Ohio River Valley from a petrochemical build-out is called Concerned Ohio River Residents(CORR). Click HERE to view our Facebook page. We are Ohio Valley citizens concerned about the extremely detrimental toll that the PTT Global ethane cracker plant will take on our health, air, water and future if it is built, and we are organizing an effort to stop it from coming to the beautiful Ohio Valley. This website is dedicated to informing the public about the proposed project and the plethora of negative effects that it will bring if built, as well as being a resource that provides anyone the tools and connections needed to get involved. We are supported by our partners who are other grassroots organizations (some national, some more local).

A petrochemical and refining company named PTT Global Chemical has proposed to build an ethane chemical "cracker" plant in Dilles Bottom, OH- about 5 miles south of Shadyside, OH and directly West across the Ohio River from Moundsville, WV. This is a Thailand-based company. Cracker plants essentially take ethane produced from fracked gas and turn it into plastic pellets that will then be shipped to other companies that will use them to create plastic products. Other products are created at these types of facilities as well, however the majority of the process will be for plastic creation at this plant if it is built. Please see the 'What is a Cracker Plant?' tab to learn more about the physical process. The Plant IS NOT a done deal yet. Local opposition is important at this time. Please see the "Get Involved" tab to explore other ways your voice can be heard. The Ohio Valley deserves better than this toxic industry. We deserve something sustainable and something that won't pollute our air and water more than it already is and something that won't turn into a bust after a few decades. We are standing in solidarity together and advocating for a better future for our region and our planet.

Send an email to and express your personal concerns pertaining to the cracker plant directly to the company or click here to be directed to the company contact page.

The following non-profit organizations are partnering with CORR to carry out the mission:

FreshWater Accountability Project (based in Ohio)

Buckeye Environmental Network (based in Ohio)

Ohio Valley Environmental Coalition (based in WV)



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